How helpful are Mandarin and English in Japan?

I want to know about how many Japanese can speak fluent English or Mandarin Chinese, and if you would visit the country for some time, how well could you get along using these 2 languages without knowing Japanese? This includes usual stuff like shopping and dining, but I also want to know how it would be with usual locals.
Just wondering, why are Chinese considered second grade and their language unimportant? The entire Japanese writing system is derived from Chinese along with almost half of it’s vocabulary…

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