I’ve noticed that in mandarin, theres a miss-(小姐)xiǎojiě, and mr-(先生)xiānsheng. Is there a Ms and Mrs? If so, whats the pinyin and characters for it?

And another thing, theres two words for country and two for you.
you- (你)nǐ, and (您)nín. Country- (国)guó, and (国家)guójiā. Why is there two for each? And how do I know when to use them? Thanks.

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